Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP)The Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) is a global network of researchers and policy makers conducting quantitative analysis of international policy issues. GTAP is coordinated by the Center for Global Trade Analysis in Purdue University's Department of Agricultural Economics.
Comments on IMF's "Global Trade: What's behind the Slowdown?" -or why there is more to trade slowdown than weak demand
Sébastien Jean, Director of CEPII in France, comments on the IMF's analysis of the slowdown in trade growth that was recently published in its World Economic Outlook (WEO). He argues that the conclusion is "largely overblown, and that the analysis presented, despite its high quality, falls well short of explaining the slow trade puzzle."
GTAP in the News
GTAP's very own Dominique van der Mensbrugghe spoke at a conference, hosted by the Vatican, entitled "Towards a More Human and Just World: A New Inclusive Economic Paradigm in the Context of Growing Inequalities"
Purdue agricultural economist Dominique van der Mensbrugghe spoke Sept. 21 at a conference on economics and inequality hosted by the Vatican. He spoke alongside Nobel Prize winner Angus Deaton and professor Jean-Paul Fitoussi of Rome's LUISS Guido Carli University in the Vatican's Courtyard of the Gentiles.
The conference, "Towards a More Human and Just World: A New Inclusive Economic Paradigm in the Context of Growing Inequalities," was a joint initiative between the Italian Embassy to the Holy See and the Pontifical Council for Culture. It was intended to prompt reflection in political and academic circles about the relationship between economics and society.
The Center is always interested to learn when GTAP-based analysis is recognized on a platform, such as the piece(s) above. If you have similar items you wish to share with the Center and broader GTAP community, please feel free to email them to Ginger Batta.
What do you hope to take away from the GTAP 101 Course and how will it apply to your work?Jamie Macleod
Trade is an invaluable tool for sustainable economic growth and addressing poverty. The research we undertake at the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa seeks to understand and answer vital trade policy questions for our Member States. The GTAP toolkit will help me contribute to this work in areas such as trade and climate change, mega-regional trade agreements, and regional integration.
Ernst & Young
United Arab Emirates
Working as a consultant for Government and Public Sector in the Middle East with a focus on public sector financial management, I am looking for a new and powerful tool to analyze and assess the impact of fiscal policy reforms on the global economy.
What do you hope to take away from the GTAP 101 Course and how will it apply to your work?Ziad Ghaith
University of Saskatchewan
I plan to use GTAP to simulate the impact of Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement on Canada, and then to use the outcomes of this simulation as an input for Saskatchewan's regional CGE model.
University of Yaounde II- Soa
I hope this course will enable me to learn from other kind of data to use, how to fill a social accounting matrix, how to do simulations and interpret the results. After this course I hope to be able to do a micro or macro analysis using General Equilibrium Model until analysis results without too much difficulty.
What do you hope to take away from the GTAP 101 Course and how will it apply to your work?Mohd. Abdus Salam
Bangladesh Tariff Commission
Presently I am working at Bangladesh Tariff Commission- an apex body of Bangladesh government to deal with the trade analysis (both domestic and international trade). I am entrusted to deal with the international trade of Bangladesh. After having this course I will be able to analyze international trade analysis more realistically.
University of the Republic of Uruguay
I would like to understand how Computable General Equilibrium Models work and how can I used them to asses the potential effects of environmental policies. Gaining this understanding would greatly contribute to my current research on environmental taxes in Uruguay. I hope this GTAP course serves as an effective way to enter into the world of CGE modelling.
What do you hope to take away from the GTAP 101 Course and how will it apply to your work?Job Nmadu
The Federal University of Technology
I have a lot of programming skills in BASIC and GAMS which I hope to improve on when this course is concluded. Thereafter my I hope to be able to build a number of model scenarios based on the Nigerian economy.
Senior Economic Researcher
Department of Economic Development
United Arab Emirates
Using GTAP Models as analytical tool in my research interests (Trade Policy, International Trade, Trade Agreements, and Macroeconomic Policies) will enhance the quality of my research. Estimation the effect of changes in one part of the economy upon the rest, and quantifying the impacts (shocks) of some Macroeconomic Policies are key elements in any CGE Models and that what I would like to learn through the participation in GTAP 101 Course.
What do you hope to take away from the GTAP 101 Course and how will it apply to your work?Anusha Bansal
I am currently working on FAO's COSIMO Model which is a partial equilibrium model to project the medium-term agricultural outlook for major commodities. I would like to apply GTAP Model and the general equilibrium framework to examine the impact of international shocks on domestic prices of agriculture commodities in India, especially given the low commodity price phase. Further, to find how domestic supply shocks in agricultural commodities, in turn impact the global price equilibrium, in particular for commodities like wheat and rice for which India is a major producer.
GTAP Working Paper
This paper extends the GTAP framework to aid in the analysis of changes to public procurement policies. In terms of data developments, government investment demand data is estimated for each of the 57 GTAP Commodities in the 140 regions of version 9. In addition, the origin of imports by end use (i.e., for firms, private consumption, government consumption, and investment) is determined following the recent literature. Another layer of valuation is also introduced, which captures the preferences towards domestic production. In terms of model extensions, there is a new nest in the production structure that allows for different procurement regimes, and the origin of imports by agents' end use is incorporated. We illustrate this framework by simulating the impact of a hypothetical reduction in the domestic preference in one of the newly introduced procurement regimes. Future work should focus on estimation of these domestic preference margins. Details
GTAP Working Paper No. 82
Journal of Global Economic Analysis
The Center for Global Trade Analysis is extremely pleased to introduce the inaugural issue of the Journal of Global Economic Analysis. This new journal (https://jgea.org/) provides an open access, peer-reviewed platform for publication and dissemination of innovations in modeling, data, software and teaching for applied general equilibrium analysis.
This first issue features two important new papers - and associated modeling software -- for implementing Melitz-style firm heterogeneity into AGE models. It also includes two papers on data base developments: the GTAP 9 Data Base and the GTAP-Power Data Base. Finally, it includes a paper documenting software for accessing, manipulating and presentation the World Bank's WDI data base.
GTAPAgg2 and GTAP9a, are now available!
GTAPAgg2 is an updated version of the GTAPAgg software package developed by Mark Horridge at the Centre of Policy Studies. Nearly all applications of the GTAP Model use an aggregation of the fully disaggregated GTAP Data Base. The software helps you prepare an aggregation scheme, then uses your scheme to prepare an aggregated data base for the GTAP Model. The GTAPAgg2 program has been redesigned to handle multiple GTAP Data Bases.
GTAP 9 has also has been updated to version 9a. Included in this release:
GTAP 9 Satellite Data and Utilities
The GTAP Center is pleased to announce that we have released four more satellite data and utilities, the following are free of charge and have been updated for use with the GTAP 9 Data Base.
GDyn Data Base: The GDyn Data Base facilitates development of baseline projections consistent with the GTAP 9 Data Base and for direct use with the GDyn Model.
GMig2 Data Base: The GMig2 Data Base contains global bilateral migration and remittances data consistent with the GTAP 9 Data Base.
GTAP-E Data Base: The GTAP-E Data Base provides carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions data distinguished by fuel and by user for each of the 140 countries/regions in the GTAP 9 Data Base.
GTAP Non-CO2 Emissions Data Base: The GTAP Non-CO2 Data Base complements the GTAP-E Data Base and provides information on other greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Fluorinated gas (FGAS).
How GTAP Network members are using the GTAP 9 Data Base
Andre Filipe Zago de Azevedo
Professor of Economics, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS)
My recent research using GTAP deals with the effects of regional integration in both members and non-members countries, with emphasis on international trade and welfare. The simulations involve the reduction of both tariffs and NTBs using GTAP's precious bilateral trade information, focusing especially in Brazil's future trade agreements with trade partners such as European Union and BRICS.
PhD student, Addis Ababa University
I am using the GTAP 9 Data Base to evaluate the economic and water resource scarcity effects of trade liberalization and facilitation in the Nile basin. Besides, I am using the data in assessing the economy-wide impacts of climate change and irrigation development in the basin. In both cases I am applying the GTAP-W model.
Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Virginia
My research examines issue-linked environmental policy cooperation and market structure. I am currently using the GTAP Data Base to explore the implications of combining second best emission taxes on intermediate inputs with positive trade concessions under imperfect competition.
Research Fellow, CITA, Government of Aragón and LEI Wageningen
The GTAP Data Base constitutes an invaluable and integral part of my research activities, which at the current time, have a European Union (EU) focus. With the data enhancements to the EU domestic agricultural support component, I use it to conduct impact assessments relating to Common Agricultural Policy reform scenarios, or different trading arrangements (in concert with other researchers, I am currently looking at different trading futures between the Commonwealth of Independant States and the EU). In addition, using ongoing work at LEI Wageningen to split out additional sources of biomass supply and use from GTAP data sector and commodity classifications, the data provides a basis for examining the potential for sustainable biobased growth strategies in the EU.
Associate Professor, University of Queensland
I am using the GTAP 9 Data Base (and associated packages) in two main areas of research. The first investigates the impacts of trade policies at the regional, national and household levels for selected countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The second line of enquiry is the analysis of land-based carbon mitigation options to address climate change.
Economic Analyst, Central Bank of Venezuela, Bureau of Economic Research
My research mainly focuses on Multiplier (Leontief) models, real CGE models and Balance Sheet-CGE models, all of them based on the System of National Accounts of Venezuela. Currently I am working on a structural-comparative analysis of the Venezuelan economy based on the GTAP data versions 8 and 9. Also, I am conducting studies regarding sectoral and macroeconomic effects of domestic and foreign shocks that affect the Venezuelan economy.
Director, State Research Institute of Information and Economic Modeling
I am representing State scientific research institute of informatization and economic modelling (http://dndiime.org.ua/). Our main themes of research are Ukrainian trade policy development with different trade partners in the World trade, evaluation of trade limits over forestry sector in Ukraine and its economic influence, rising trade tariffs over metal scrap, implementation of the temporary (during one year) import tariffs 5-10% depending on the sector legalized by Ukrainian law. Also, the Institute created laboratory of economic analysis and trained the team of experts. During 2015–2016 years 8 projects were done. Preparations for an in-depth study of the impact on the conclusion of free trade agreements with Canada, Turkey and Israel on the economic development of Ukraine are continuing. Researches are carried out on the orders of state authorities and business structures.
Associate Professor, Kirikkale University
Dr. Aydin's recent two works focus on contemporary issues in potential economic and environmental impacts of; 1) economic integration on BRICS economies, and 2) political economy of diesel subsidy on Turkish economy by using computable general equilibrium models namely, GTAP/GTAP-E and ORANI models. The data used in these works are derived from the GTAP 9 Data Base well-suited to examine the consequences of trade opening and energy-carbon abatement policy issues. In his works, structure of these models has been modified in a number of ways to make it suitable for analyzing energy and environmental issues.
Katherine Macarena Antonio Sanjinez
Student, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
I am using GTAP data (GTAP-E and GTAP-Power) to analyze the general equilibrium effects of unilateral environmental regulations and trade. The main focus of my research is to analyze the overall welfare effects under different emissions regulatory frameworks, such as cap and trade regulation and emissions per output regulation. There is a special emphasis on the implications of embedded carbon dioxide on trade of goods.
Student, Fudan University
My current research is on the effect of China-Australia FTA on China-New Zealand trade. Australia and New Zealand has rather similar endowments, so this had put the two countries in an interesting position. It is interesting to see the various effects of expanding from a bi-lateral free trade zone of China and New Zealand Expanding to a Tri-lateral free trade zone of China, New Zealand and Australia.
Professor, Hanyang University
I have used the GTAP Data Base (along with other supplementary ones) for my research works since my PhD days. I am a regular subscriber of the GTAP Data Base and satellite programs as well. My area of research is related to globalization, trade, and economic development. For exploring multi-faceted issues related to global trade and development GTAP Data Base is excellent resource to use and the current version 9 is expanded to include more aspects. Over the years, the expanded versions of GTAP has benefited me for exploring issues such as technology transfer, skilled-unskilled wage gap, trade integration, and allied topics. Right now, I will use GTAP 9 for studying issues related to firm heterogeneity, mega trade deals which is my current research interests. Also, I published a book in 2014 which included contributions from reputed CGE scholars using GTAP and other CGE models like MONASH or USAGE. No doubt, GTAP 9 and other databases are useful research materials for state-of-the art areas.
Deputy Chief Executive, New Zealand Institute of Economic Research
John and his colleagues at NZIER are using the GTAP 9 Data Base primarily for evaluating the potential effects of New Zealand's current and proposed Free Trade Agreements, such as TPP and the EU-NZ FTA. They are also linking the GTAP Model with their more detailed single-country CGE model of the New Zealand economy - ORANI-G-NZ - to assess the impacts of trade liberalisation at a more detailed industry and sectoral level.
Professor, University of Minnesota
The use of GTAP in my research program has been fitting these data to endogenous saving – multi sector growth models. Most recent applications deal with: economic growth and ground water dynamics in the Punjab of India, strengthening ecosystem and development linkages in the Republic of Kazakhstan, the conjunctive use of irrigation water over time in Morocco, land market integration and structural change in Zambia, a journal paper on international trade, exhaustible resource abundance and economic growth, and a thesis on the effect of transnational farmland investments over time on the Ghanaian economy. The data were also used in the book: Multisector Growth Models: Theory and Application, Springer pub. 2010. Additionally, the data is also used in my MS and Ph.D. level classes.
Assistant Professor, School of Environmental Science, The University of Shiga Prefecture
I am using the GTAP 9 Data Base for developing a CGE model for analyzing climate change issues. I use the data base, but develop my own dynamic CGE model. One of my recent interests is to link climate science and climate economic studies.
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo
Using the GTAP Data Base, Dr. Bachmann is studying the impact of the Canada Korea Free Trade Agreement and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) on Canada's transportation system. He is currently quantifying the impact of these trade agreements on Canada's trade flows in terms of the resulting interprovincial and international trade flows, measured by volumes and indicated by commodity group, compared to the pre-trade agreement state of trade flows. These projects are supported by Transport Canada and Industry Canada. Chris Bachmann is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Canada. Further details are available at: https://www.civil.uwaterloo.ca/bachmann/
Professor, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics
I began to learning the GTAP Model in 2002 and used it intensively afterward. More than 50 academic research papers and reports had been published up to now by adopting standard or improved GTAP Model. Meanwhile, I have developed China's agricultural partial equilibrium model and have been trying to develop China's dynamic national and regional (provincial level) CGE models.
Director of Industrial Analysis Division; Associate Professor, Shanghai WTO Affairs Consultation Center
My job is to analyze the modern and potential trade policies and provide policy facts and suggestions to government. Parts of my responsibilities are quantifying the impact of trade policy on the economy based some quantifying and empirical instruments, for example GTAP Model and other general or partial equilibrium models as well as some econometrical models. GTAP 9 Data Base is the most comprehensive database including enough economies and sectors, being the strong backing for lots of our analysis.
Lecturer, University of Loyola
I am interested in trade analysis worldwide and more specifically in Eastern Europe (Ukraine, Russia, and the EU) and Central American countries. Furthermore such issues as tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade on agricultural goods and its modeling are in scope of my interest. Lastly, tax-subsidy policies and its modeling in GTAP frame (as an example EU Common Agricultural Policy).
Head of Economic Modeling at the Centre for Global Trade and Investment, São Paulo School of Economics - Getulio Vargas Foundation
I have been using the GTAP 9 Data Base to better understand the interplay between Preferential Trade Agreements and the formation of Global/Regional Value Chains, taking into account the role of non tariff barriers such as TBT, SPS and trade facilitation. This is, nowadays, a crucial issue for less integrated economies such as Brazil.
Energy Analysis Team, Sustainable Systems and Social Sciences Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Uses the GTAP framework to implement and simulate CGE models for applied energy-environmental policy analysis. Static and dynamic CGE models are used to assess the impacts of U.S. biofuel policy on land use change, greenhouse gases emission, and the economy. Others applications include dynamic evaluations of the comparative implications of demand vs. supply shocks on global and regional economies.
PhD Student, University of Arkansas
I am interested in modeling renewable energy adoption in Saudi Arabia. My plans to use a combination of GTAP modeling and life cycle assessment (LCA). The LCA's analysis will be extended to include changes in economy and technology through using the Computable general equilibrium (CGE) in GTAP framework in order to include the indirect environmental consequences caused by the RE adoption.
Research Fellow, Inst of Econ, Academia Sinica
The GTAP Model and Data Base has been used by our GEMTEE(General Equilibrium Model for Taiwan Economy and Environment) team in Academia Sinica to investigate the macroeconomic and sectoral impacts of Taiwan's population dynamics and policies related to sustainable development and free trade agreements with New Zealand, Singapore and China. Recently, policy debates upon whether Taiwan should join TPP and RCEP are mostly based on GTAP simulations.
Researcher, Academy of State Administration of Grain
I am engaged in the Chinese grain supply and demand analysis trying to establish a partial equlibrium model using lots of unique data. GTAP is a very effective and important tool kit to support this global analysis.
Researcher, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Richard Wood works with the GTAP Data Base in analysing environmental impacts associated with trade and final demand. Taking a "consumption based" approach, Richard looks at the interconnection between development, trade and the environment, in order to determine underlying drivers of our impacts. Richard is involved in database development of multi-regional input-output (MRIO) models, and in this context uses the GTAP Data Base alongside other MRIO databases to understand robustness and variability across the databases (see www.environmentalfootprints.org).
Ph.D. Research Fellow, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
The topic of my Ph.D. dissertation is the evaluation of proposed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement between 16 Asia-Pacific countries using general equilibrium framework. For this purpose, I am using the Static GTAP Model and the GTAP 9 Data Base is the only database which provides the latest, detailed and consistent data to estimate it. The main objective of my research is to evaluate the impact of reduction in trade barriers due to RCEP agreement on economies of member and non-member countries. The usage of the GTAP Model with the GTAP 9 Data Base allows me to report the direct and indirect effects of reducing trade barriers in a post-simulation environment.
Professor, Kobe Gakuin University
I have studied the impacts of trade policy and climate change policy by using the GTAP Data Base and Model under several research projects. In particular, I am interested in the structural change caused by the policy and analyzing it by combining a CGE approach with an input-output approach. I intend to use the GTAP 9 Data Base and GDyn-E Model to investigate the economic and environmental effects of East Asian emission trading in the context of China's 2030 carbon peak out.
Professor, ICCS of National Technical University of Athens
Pantelis CAPROS is Professor of Energy Economics at NTUA (National Technical University of Athens). Over 25 years, he is leading research based on large-scale numerical models, which simulate energy markets, project energy investment into the future, optimize roadmaps for climate change mitigation and assess economic and societal impacts. He is the Director of E3MLab, a laboratory operating within the NTUA that specializes in the construction and use of large scale computerized models covering the areas of Energy, the Economy and the Environment. Such models are used to make projections and analyze complex issues requiring system-wide consideration. The European Commission, Governments, electricity and gas companies, and their associations, are widely using these models, namely PRIMES and GEM-E3, in their policy analysis, continuously over the last 20 years. Electricity and Gas market design, long-term energy/environment planning and macroeconomic analysis are the main topics of Prof. Capros's consultancy activities. Mathematical programming, mathematical economics and energy analysis are the scientific disciplines of Prof. Capros's teaching and publishing activities.
Senior Economist, CEFIR
For me, the GTAP 9 Data Base is an essential source of data for a number of different lines of research on trade policy and regional integration. Our work at CEFIR is particularly focused on the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU): Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia. The GTAP 9 Data Base is unique since it contains social accounting matrices for all five EAEU countries. This is why the GTAP 9 Data Base is the cornerstone of most CGE-type analysis produced by CEFIR, for example, a recent assessment of reduction of non-tariff barriers in the EAEU. We also use GTAP 9 as a source of input-output tables for assessment of trade in value-added and estimation of effective rates of protection for the EAEU countries.
Full Professor, Federal University of Juiz de Fora
I am using the GTAP framework to assess the systemic effects of increased economic relations between Brazil and the countries of the America Continent. To this end, we build scenarios such as: a) the formation of a new Free Trade Area of the Americas, namely, the elimination of import tariffs and export subsidies and production among the members; b) assessment of agreements such as the Pacific Alliance and Mercosur; and c) evaluation of NAFTA agreements - Mercosur, among others. We expected to bring answers on the trade integration of the Brazilian economy with other American countries.
GTAP SupportGTAP Network members in need of technical support are encouraged to use the following avenues to request assistance. General, non-technical inquiries may be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.