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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #3560

"A CGE model analysis of reducing obstacles to trade in Kenya : a focus on the agro-food sector. "
by Gonzalez–Mellado, Aida and Emanuele Ferrari


Abstract
This paper provides an example of the effects on trade flows that the abolition of obstacles to trade might have in selected Kenyan agricultural products. Trade between the EU and African countries has increased through different agreements such as the program "Everything But Arms" (EBA). Within EBA, the main exports of the least developed countries (LDCs) have been able to enter the EU market without any duties since 2001. The ACP countries’ trade agreements, favouring ACP access to the EU market. Being Kenya one ACP Member State, trade to the EU has been intensified since then.
In the last 20 years the exports of agricultural commodities have increased with the rest of the Kenyan economy. Particularly the floricultural as well as fresh vegetables sectors have grown to dominate Kenya's horticultural exports.
This paper evaluates the effects of obstacles to trade detected through an exporter interview in fresh flowers and fresh vegetables. The questionnaires collected in Kenya, the main products exported by Kenya and considered in the study are: tea, flowers, coffee and fresh beans.
Since the last 3 decades, Kenya's has stand out for her horticulture and floriculture industries. The floriculture industry has been regarded as very competitive, flexible to the adoption of new inputs (seeds, fertilizers and agrochemicals), and operating on the ‘cutting edge’ through the implementation of stringent environmental and social practices to comply with the standards required in export destinations (such as the EU market) (Jaffee, 2004). Green beans have been a core component of Kenya’s fresh produce trade for many years, mainly to the European Union. Kenya accounts for about 30 percent of the EU market for green beans. Kenya beans have a number of food safety and standards to comply with sanitary and phyto-sanitary regulations required to enter in the EU markets. This compliance is part of the successful expansion of green beans from Kenya in the EU market.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2011 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 14th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Venice, Italy
Date: 2011
Version:
Created: Gonzalez–Mellado, A. (4/14/2011)
Updated: Gonzalez–Mellado, A. (6/12/2011)
Visits: 1,918
- Domestic policy analysis
- Trade and the environment
- European Union
- Common Wealth of Independent States


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