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GTAP Resource #1323

"Labor Market Distortions, Rural-Urban Inequality and the Opening of China’s Economy"
by Zhai, Fan, Thomas Hertel and Zhi Wang


Abstract
This paper evaluates the impact of some key labor market reforms on rural-urban inequality and income distribution, using a household-disaggregated, recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of China. We also explore how these factor market reforms interact with product market reforms currently underway as part of China’s WTO accession process. The simulation results show that the reforms in rural land rental market and Hukou system, as well as increasing off-farm labor mobility would reduce the urban-rural income ratio dramatically. Furthermore, the combination of WTO accession and factor market reforms improves both efficiency and equality significantly.

Keywords: Labor market, Income distribution, WTO, Computable general equilibrium, China

JEL Classification Code: C68; J60; D30; F13; O53


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: Working Paper
Status: Not published
By/In: GTAP Working Paper No. 27
Date: 2003
Version:
Created: Conner, J. (6/1/2003)
Updated: Batta, G. (11/14/2006)
Visits: 23,245
- Asia (East)


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  File format GTAP Working Paper No. 27  (147.7 KB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)


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