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GTAP Resource #1325

"Food and Agricultural Markets at the Advent of the next WTO Round"
by Brockmeier, Martina, Petra Salamon, Marianne Kurzweil and Claudia Herok

The November 2001 declaration of the 4th Ministerial Conference in Doha provides the mandate for negotiations on a range of subjects, including agriculture. Negotiations on this topic began in early 2000 and are to end by 1 January 2005. A large number of governments have already submitted a negotiating proposal and besides aspects like special and differential treatment for developing countries and non-trade concerns, the classical themes market access, export subsidies and domestic support will again be high on the agenda.
Analyzing a possible outcome of the WTO, we use the comparative-static general equilibrium GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project) model. To allow for deeper insight, the standard version of the model is accompanied by a more specific modeling of WTO related trade instruments like tariff rate quotas and limits on subsidized exports. Additionally, instruments of the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU, e.g. production quotas and EU-budget, are also implemented in greater detail. Due to the nature of these instruments the complementarity approach of Gempack 8.0 is used.
Since full impact of possible WTO outcomes is expected to take place in 2012 a range of preparatory simulations is required including projections based on external forecasts on macroeconomic developments, Agenda 2000 and EU enlargement. Taking into account a post EU enlargement situation in 2012, different stylized WTO scenarios will be carried out reflecting proposals like cut of all import taxes, reduction of direct payments, abolishment of export subsidies and expansion of tariff rate quotas.
In the simulations, GTAP Data Base Version 5.2 will be used to generate an aggregation of 10 agricultural sectors, 7 food sectors and 3 non-agricultural sectors as well as 10 regions including beneath others EU-27, USA and CAIRNS and five production factors. Expected findings will cover impacts on trade, production and prices, and will enable us to detect sensitive sectors and regions concerning the different proposals.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
2003 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 6th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, The Hague, The Netherlands
Date: 2003
Created: Kurzweil, M. (6/10/2003)
Updated: Bacou, M. (9/27/2003)
Visits: 3,349
- Agricultural policies

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