Resource Center

Advanced Search
Technical Papers
Working Papers
Research Memoranda
GTAP-L Mailing List
GTAP FAQs
CGE Books/Articles
Important References
Submit New Resource

GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #1403

"A New Representation of Agriculture Production Technology in GTAP"
by Huang, Hsin


Abstract
Objectives
This project seeks to improve the treatment of the agriculture sector in GTAP. It will incorporate into GTAP an agricultural production technology consistent to the maximum degree practicable with that currently employed in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) Policy Evaluation Matrix (PEM) model.

Policy reform simulations in a sector as complex as agriculture often require a variety of different models. Consistency between the different approaches is important. Assumptions about economic behavior should be transparent and similar in spirit across the different models. The focus of this paper will be on the way OECD agricultural policies are represented in GTAP. This is important to preserve consistency relative to existing PEM analysis, in particular with respect to the issue of decoupling.

Approach
The most important concern is the modeling of land allocation and the influence of policy on those decisions. The base version of GTAP represents land allocation in a nested constant elasticity of transformation (CET) structure similar to, but not as detailed as in PEM. PEM distinguishes different types of land. This allows for detailed representation of land-based policies. GTAP will be modified to include a three level CET land use structure. The differentiation between different land types according to the crop being farmed also implies a supply response that may not always be in line with the supply response generated by a standard GTAP model. The newly developed land allocation system will be calibrated to land supply elasticities from the same literature survey (OECD 2001) used to calibrate the PEM model.

In the standard GTAP model there is no specificity for agricultural capital or labor. This assumption is defensible for analyses where the assumed adjustment horizon is sufficiently long term. However, for the short/medium term adjustment horizon usually adopted for OECD simulations, it is necessary to modify GTAP in order to recognize that these factors are to some degree sector specific and adjustments are therefore "sluggish".

A common assumption in CGE models, including GTAP, is that intermediate inputs are combined with primary factors in fixed proportions. In PEM, all purchased inputs are assumed substitutable and used in variable proportions with primary factors depending on relative prices. Hertel and Keening (2003) have modified GTAP to represent this kind of factor substitution, incorporating PEM substitution elasticities in the model. This approach will be adopted for this paper.


Hertel, T and Keening, R. (2003) "Assessing the Impact of WTO Reforms on World Agricultural Markets: A New Approach"

OECD (2001), "Market Effects of Crop Support Measures"


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
Status: Not published
By/In:
Date: 2004
Version:
Created: Bacou, M. (2/4/2004)
Updated: Bacou, M. (2/4/2004)
Visits: 3,154
- Calibration and parameter estimation


Attachments
If you have trouble accessing any of the attachments below due to disability, please contact the authors listed above.


Public Access
No documents have been attached.

Restricted Access
No documents have been attached.


Special Instructions
No instructions have been specified.


Comments (0 posted)
You must log in before entering comments.

No comments have been posted.