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GTAP Resource #1690

"Do the Poor benefit from Regional Trade Pacts? An Illustration from the Central America Free Trade Agreement in Nicaragua"
by Bussolo, Maurizio and Yoko Niimi

This paper main objective is providing an ex-ante assessment of the poverty and income distribution impacts of a Central America Free Trade Area agreement for Nicaragua. A general equilibrium macro model is used to simulate trade reform scenarios and to estimate their price effects, and a micro-module maps these price changes into variations of real incomes at the individual household level. A useful insight from this analysis is that even if the final total impact on poverty is not too large, its dispersion across households – due to their heterogeneity in terms of factor endowments, inputs use, commodity production, and consumption preferences – is significant and this should be taken into account when designing compensatory policies. Additionally a growth and redistribution decomposition shows that, at least in the short to medium run, redistribution can be as important as growth. A main policy advice emerges: to boost trade-induced poverty reductions, Nicaragua should consider enlarging its own liberalization to countries other than the US.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2005 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 8th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Lübeck, Germany
Date: 2005
Created: Bussolo, M. (4/25/2005)
Updated: Bussolo, M. (4/25/2005)
Visits: 3,361
No keywords have been specified.

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