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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #2402

"Trade, Gender and Poverty in Agricultural Economies: The Case of Senegal "
by Bussolo, Maurizio, Rafael De Hoyos and Ismael Fofana


Abstract
Small-scale often subsistence farming constitutes the predominant source of livelihood in many poor developing countries, particularly in the Sub-Saharan context. These farmers may be partly or, in extreme cases, entirely detached from domestic and international markets. The poverty effects that trade liberalization can have in this type of economies are dampened by the lack of transmission mechanisms linking trade policy and the incomes of the poor. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the links between trade liberalization and poverty in predominantly agricultural economies. Given the gendered nature of agricultural markets in Sub-Saharan Africa, our analysis pays particular attention to the gender effects of trade liberalization. The framework proposed in this study combines three different, thought related, methodologies: the conventional price-transmission methodology described in McCulloch et al. (2002), the agricultural household model of Singh et al. (1986), and a model of intra-household bargaining power based on Hoddinott and Haddad (1995). This framework allows for disentangling the poverty and gender effects of trade integration from other simultaneous—external or policy-driven—shocks. The empirical framework developed here is used to evaluate the trade, gender and poverty linkages in the Senegalese economy during the period 1994 to 2001. A-priori we expect to find that price transmission mechanisms in Senegal are rather weak, with lack of infrastructure and other market failures constituting the main reason behind this result. For crops exhibiting strong price-transmission effects, e.g. walnuts, the presumption is that they are heavily controlled by men. If trade liberalization exacerbates income differences between gender and this leads to a loss in women’s empowerment within the household, further trade liberalization can signify an increase in long term poverty.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2007 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 10th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Purdue University, USA
Date: 2007
Version: Draft
Created: Bussolo, M. (4/15/2007)
Updated: Batta, G. (4/16/2007)
Visits: 1,902
- Agricultural policies
- Economic development
- Economic analysis of poverty


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