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GTAP Resource #2842

"A multi-scale, multi-model approach for analyzing the future dynamics of European land use."
by Verburg, Peter, Bas Eickhout and Hans van Meijl

Europe’s rural areas are expected to witness massive and rapid changes in land use due to changes in demography, global trade, technology and enlargement of the European Union. This paper describes a methodology in which a series of models has been used to link global level developments influencing land use to local level impacts. It is argued that such an approach is needed to properly address the processes at different scales that give rise to the land use dynamics in Europe. An extended version of the global economic model (GTAP) and an integrated assessment model (IMAGE) are used to calculate changes in demand for agricultural areas at the country level while a spatially explicit land use change model (CLUE-s) was used to translate these demands to land use patterns at 1 km2 resolution. The global economic model ensures an appropriate treatment of macro-economic, demographic and technology developments and changes in agricultural and trade policies influencing the demand and supply for land use related products while the integrated assessment model accounts for changes in productivity as result of climate change and global land allocation. The land use change simulations at a high spatial resolution make use of country specific driving factors that influence the spatial patterns of land use, accounting for the spatial variation in the biophysical and socio-economic environment.
Results indicate the large impact abandonment of agricultural land and urbanization may have on future European landscapes. The high spatial and thematic resolution of the results allows the assessment of impacts of these changes on different environmental indicators, such as carbon sequestration and biodiversity. The global assessment allows, at the same time, to account for the tradeoffs between impacts in Europe and effects outside Europe.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
Status: Published
By/In: Annals of Regional Science, 42(1): 57-77
Date: 2008
Version: 42(1): 57-77
Created: van Meijl, H. (9/3/2008)
Updated: Batta, G. (9/3/2008)
Visits: 3,129
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