Resource Center

Advanced Search
Technical Papers
Working Papers
Research Memoranda
GTAP-L Mailing List
GTAP FAQs
Educational Materials
CGE Books/Articles
Important References
Submit New Resource

GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #2909

"IMPACTOS DA REDUÇÃO DA CARGA TRIBUTÁRIA NA ECONOMIA BRASILEIRA: UMA ANÁLISE DA COMPETITIVIDADE SETORIAL NOS CENÁRIOS ALCA E MERCOEURO"
by Pereira, Matheus Wemerson G.


Abstract
The Brazilian economic sectors become more competitive in the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) scenario or in the trade agreement between MERCOSUR and the European Union (MERCOEURO) with the reduction of the tax burden. The objective of this study is to determine the effects of the creation of FTAA and MERCOEURO stemming from a tax exemption in the Brazilian economy. Eight different scenarios were analyzed taking into account the elimination of tariffs on imports among the member countries in the FTAA and MERCOEURO agreement. Other scenarios consider a 10% reduction in the indirect taxes on the final Brazilian consumption, a 10% reduction over the indirect taxes on the intermediary Brazilian goods, and a 10% reduction on the indirect taxes over the Brazilian production. The GTAPinGAMs is used as an analytical tool, applied to the GTAP data base version 6.0. The results show that for all scenarios of FTAA, the reduction of indirect taxes increases competitions, promotes growth and the welfare in Brazil, without having a loss in tax collection by the government, with the growth of the economy ranging from 0.17% and 0.31% and gains of welfare, measured by the equivalent variation, from US$1.10 billions and US$2.03 billions. The creation of the MERCOEURO generated significant results mainly in the agribusiness sector. A reduction in the indirect taxes on final consumption and over the intermediate goods improved the competition and gains in the growth indicators, welfare, and government revenue. However, the scenario that reduces the indirect taxes on the Brazilian production cannot increase competition, even though there are positive changes in the indicators of growth and welfare. The scenarios of MERCOEURO generate growth variations between 0.05% and 0.19%, with gains in welfare ranging from US$ 2.26 billions and US$ 3.20 billions.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
Status: Published
By/In: Thesis (M.Sc. in Applied Economics) – Federal University of Vicosa - Brazil
Date: 2008
Version:
Created: Pereira, M. (11/10/2008)
Updated: Batta, G. (11/11/2008)
Visits: 770
- Agricultural policies
- European Union
- North America
- South America


Attachments
If you have trouble accessing any of the attachments below due to disability, please contact the authors listed above.


Public Access
  File format GTAP Resource 2909  (639.0 KB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)


Restricted Access
No documents have been attached.


Special Instructions
No instructions have been specified.


Comments (0 posted)
You must log in before entering comments.

No comments have been posted.