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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #2975

"The Economic Consequences of U.S. Border Closure in Response to a Security Threat: A Dynamic CGE Assessment"
by Dixon, Peter, James Giesecke, Maureen Rimmer and Adam Rose


Abstract
We investigate the economic consequences of a twelve-month closure of U.S. borders in the form of cessation of trade, tourism and immigration flows. The federal government might contemplate such action in the face of an extreme terrorism or public health threat. Using a computable general equilibrium model, we find that border closure would cause substantial economic loss. However this damage is significantly reduced when critical imports (such as energy) are either exempted from the policy, or made available through use of domestic stockpiles (such as the Strategic Petroleum Reserve). Economic damage is reduced further if workers accept lower real wages for the duration of the security crisis. We argue that if border closure were ever to be contemplated as a response to a security or public health threat, it would be prudent to keep its scope to a minimum, to make its duration as short as possible, to allow market responses to run their course, and to enact countervailing policies that can help minimize the economic losses.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2009 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 12th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Santiago, Chile
Date: 2009
Version:
Created: Giesecke, J. (4/6/2009)
Updated: Giesecke, J. (4/6/2009)
Visits: 1,610
- Dynamic modeling
- North America


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