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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #3531

"Impact of Trade Facilitation Mechanisms on Export Competitiveness in Africa"
by Karingi, Stephen


Abstract
Export competitiveness, while seemingly intuitive, remains conceptually and empirically elusive. This paper presents three distinct ways of thinking about export competitiveness and attempts to capture their character empirically for African nations. The first, the ‘competitiveness as market share’ hypothesis, employs a Constant Market Share Analysis to examine the dynamics of the competitiveness of Africa’s exports. The second explores the foundations of export competitiveness through the Global Competitiveness Index and relates it to estimates of Total Factor Productivity on the continent. Thirdly, the character of African exports is scrutinized through the application of Hausmann, Hwang and Rodirk’s measure of the income level of exports. The analysis then turns to the impact of trade facilitation on export competitiveness. It shows that trade facilitation, captured by the four indicators created by Portugal-Perez and Wilson, significantly bolsters a key source of competitiveness, total-factor productivity, through a transaction effect but the production effect in which trade facilitation reallocates resources to more productive sectors, proxied by the impact on the income level of exports, is less sensitive. While the quality and quantity of physical infrastructure is robust across specifications, the results suggest that trade facilitation measures are best adopted as part of a holistic trade policy aimed at creating an environment conducive to the diversification of African exports to ensure long run export competitiveness.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2011 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 14th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Venice, Italy
Date: 2011
Version:
Created: Karingi, S. (4/12/2011)
Updated: Karingi, S. (4/12/2011)
Visits: 646
- Domestic policy analysis
- Economic growth
- Economic development
- Africa (Central)
- Africa (East)
- Africa (West)
- Africa (Southern)


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