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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #4235

"The U.S.-Mexican border crossing for trucks twenty years after NAFTA "
by Fox, Alan and Pilar Londono-Kent


Abstract
Despite the liberalization achieved by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and substantial investments in infrastructure, technology, and equipment, significant barriers to efficient truck transport remain between the United States and Mexico. We present the practical and economic implications of changes to the NAFTA border crossing system put in place after the terrorist events of September 11, 2001. Security measures have “thickened” NAFTA’s borders, increasing costs and delays associated with border crossings. These measures have a global impact on the logistics chain, since they are applied to all countries that source goods to the United States. We build on our earlier research on these institutional peculiarities and their impacts of the US-Mexico border crossing system.

We discuss procedures used today and note changes to border processing since our earlier work. Based on interviews and review of the literature, we describe the institutional context in which barriers exist and border authorities’ rationale for establishing new barriers or continuing of pre-existing ones. Based on this information and the time and costs associated with cross-border freight movements, we estimate the welfare effect of these measures on the NAFTA economies in a CGE framework. Our counterfactual assumes the implementation of a “seamless freight flow” system similar to Europe’s Transport International Routier (TIR) system, and calculates the time and cost differentials between such a system and the status quo. We estimate net annual welfare gains for Mexico and the United States assuming the benefits from a seamless cross border processing system.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2013 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 16th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Shanghai, China
Date: 2013
Version: 1
Created: Fox, A. (4/15/2013)
Updated: Fox, A. (3/17/2015)
Visits: 788
- Economic development
- Non-Tariff barriers
- North America


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