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GTAP Resource #4244

"Gender dimensions and poverty implications of global trade liberalization in the Philippines"
by Corong, Erwin


Abstract
Accounting for the gender dimensions of trade liberalization has become an important research agenda in recent years (Arndt et al. 2000; Fontana and Wood 2000; Fontana 2007; Cockburn et al. 2007; Cockburn et al. 2010). In particular, the need to identify transmission channels to assess how international trade may affect gender differences—for instance employment and gender wage gap—has been emphasized.

This paper examines the gender dimensions and poverty implications of global trade liberalization in the Philippines. It answers questions such as: To what extent do global trade policies distort male relative to female employment and income earning capabilities? What complementary policies can be instituted to ensure the gender-responsiveness and poverty friendliness of global trade liberalization?

As gender dimensions and poverty implications of global trade liberalization are expected to be different across countries and across groups of households, it is necessary that an analysis based on global, national and household level perspective be undertaken. This paper therefore contributes by conducting the analysis in three stages. First, the GTAP model is used to conduct a multilateral liberalization scenario. Results from GTAP model simulations—i.e., vectors of changes in exports prices, exports volume and import volumes—are then used as shocks to a Philippine CGE model (using the method proposed by Horridge and Zhai 2006). The Philippine CGE model then identifies the effects: from gross domestic product and welfare to output and factor supplies and demands; from commodity and factor prices to employment by gender. Finally, vectors of changes in factor prices, employment levels and consumer prices from the Philippine CGE model are used as inputs to a micro-simulation module—to analyze changes in levels of poverty and income distribution.

The simulation results suggest that global trade liberalization increases real GDP and marginally reduces poverty ...


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2013 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 16th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Shanghai, China
Date: 2013
Version: 1
Created: Corong, E. (4/15/2013)
Updated: Corong, E. (4/16/2013)
Visits: 643
- Economic analysis of poverty
- Economic development
- Trade and gender
- Asia (Southeast)


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