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GTAP Resource #4422

"Desert Power 2050: Regional and sectoral impacts of renewable electricity production in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa"
by Calzadilla, Alvaro, Manfred Wiebelt, Julian Blohmke and Gernot Klepper

“Desert Power 2050” is probably the world’s most ambitious strategy report towards the decarbonization of the power sector in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (EUMENA). The report inspired by the Desertec vision aims at providing clean energy from MENA’s desert regions to the entire MENA region as well as exporting electricity to Europe. By 2050, the Desertec Industrial Initiative report “Desert Power 2050” aims at establishing a power system in MENA based on 97 percent renewables, dominated by wind power that accounts for 53 percent of all electricity produced. Solar technologies are expected to contribute by around 44 percent. This implies to install around 1 terawatt (TW) of renewable power capacity, which is equivalent to today’s installed capacity in Europe. Most of the electricity produced will cover the growing energy demand in MENA countries and up to 20 percent will be exported to Europe.

A transition of this magnitude will definitively have a great economic impact on the MENA region. Hundreds of wind and solar power plants need to be constructed requiring to mobilize huge economic resources which may compete with uses in other sectors of the MENA economies. Job opportunities will be created during the construction, operation and maintenance phase of power plants. Moreover, the development of wind and solar power in MENA will also contribute to the mitigation of climate change by significantly reducing the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the electricity sector. Thus, electricity trade between MENA and Europe will also help to achieve Europe’s commitments on energy-climate targets set out in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans.

Clearly, such an ambitious transition requires substantial economic resources. The yearly investment in renewable power capacity in the whole MENA region reaches gradually up to 10 percent (around 2030) of the total investment in the region. In addition, even if solar and wind potentials are ideal in the ...

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2014 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 17th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Dakar, Senegal
Date: 2014
Version: Kiel Working Paper 1891
Created: Calzadilla, A. (4/14/2014)
Updated: Calzadilla, A. (4/14/2014)
Visits: 2,959
- Climate change policy
- Africa (North)
- European Union
- Middle East

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