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GTAP Resource #5306

"Eco-Compensation in Water Source Area: Insights from Case Studies of Central Route Project of South-to-North Water Transfer in China"
by Wang, Zelin

The South-to-North Water Transfer Project (SNWTP) in China is the largest water transfer project in the world, which is aiming at solving the water distribution imbalance in the south and north of China. Nevertheless, as the project progresses, the clamor for economic compensation in water source area is growing louder. A key issue for SNWTP is to establish an eco-compensation system, clearly define the compensation scheme, and make an effective economic compensation to the people living in the water source area. In this paper, we take the water source area located in the middle route project of SNWTP in Shaanxi as the research domain. Based on the eco-compensation strategy of the ecological value of the area where water resources are delivered, the ecological loss, economic loss and the ecological benefit are taken into consideration for the water source area. During calculating the ecological loss, a dynamic factor related to the water quantity and quality is taken into account. Besides, the total amount of compensation is changing over time. A time scale factor is also used to simulate this change. Finally, the southern areas of Shaanxi Province, who supplied 70% water to Danjiangkou Reservoir, were analyzed by this model. We make full use of the reasonable eco-compensation strategy and try to solve actual problems of water source area and even provide a basis conception for the watershed protection and management.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2017 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 20th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Date: 2017
Created: Wang, Z. (4/14/2017)
Updated: Wang, Z. (10/11/2017)
Visits: 1,600
- Water availability
- Economic development
- Asia (East)

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