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GTAP Resource #5619

"Comparative Advantages and the Uneven Effects of Non-Tariff Measures"
by Ferraz, Lucas and Marcel Bertini

This article investigates the uneven effects of TBT/SPS measures on bilateral trade flows, according to country’s income levels. Estimating standard gravity models, we find that the effects of TBT/SPS depend mostly on the exporter’s development level (developed, developing or least developed). We find that, on average, SPS measures promote exports from Latin American countries, but harm exports from developed and other developing countries. Moreover, TBT measures raise exports of developed and other developing countries whereas they decrease Latin American (LatAm) exports. Least developed countries are negatively affected by both types of measures. We argue that the effects are in line with pre-existing comparative advantages, i.e., both developed and other developing countries are relatively more efficient in manufacturing exports – where the incidence of TBT measures tend to be greater than SPS measures – while LatAm countries are relatively more efficient in agricultural exports, where SPS measures tend to prevail. Therefore, non-tariff measures tend to exacerbate pre-existing specialization patterns in international trade and may harm prospects for industrialization in less developed economies. We provide suggestive evidence of this channel by controlling for product-exporter fixed effects that help to control for comparative advantages in gravity equations.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2018 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 21st Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Cartagena, Colombia
Date: 2018
Created: Ferraz, L. (4/15/2018)
Updated: Batta, G. (4/16/2018)
Visits: 2,187
- Trade and the environment
- Non-Tariff barriers

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