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GTAP Resource #6148

"Assessing the impact of the US-PRC trade dispute using a multiregional CGE model"
by Gentile, Elisabetta, Gen Li and Mahinthan Joseph Mariasingham

Since the onset of the ongoing US-PRC trade dispute in 2017, stakeholders and experts alike have expressed deep concerns that the tensions would come at a cost for the countries involved and the global economy. In this paper, we endeavor to quantify this cost by using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model based on the 2017 ADB Multiregional Input- Output Table (ADB-MRIOT). We simulate two scenarios: scenario 1 is based on the bilateral measures implemented as of May 2019; scenario 2 corresponds to a full-scale tariff war where both countries impose an additional 25% tariff on all bilateral imports. We find that scenario 1 is associated with a contraction of GDP with respect to the baseline by 0.17% in the US and 0.36% in the PRC. Employment contracts by 0.24% in the US and 0.55% in the PRC. Similarly, consumption, and investment decrease by 0.14% and 0.45% respectively in the US, and by 0.20% and 0.64% in the PRC. Scenario 2 is associated with an even larger contraction in trade flows, which leads to larger decreases in GDP, employment, consumption, and investment in both economies. We observe trade diversion to other Asian economies, with Viet Nam, Malaysia, South Korea, and Japan benefiting the most, but sectoral analysis shows that export-competing sectors to the PRC in other Asian countries stand to benefit from the ongoing trade dispute, whereas sectors that supply to the PRC stand to suffer.

Keywords : Computable General Equilibrium Model (CGE), input-output, Multiregional Input Output Tables (MRIOTs)
JEL codes: D57, D58, F13, F17

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2020 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented during the 23rd Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis (Virtual Conference)
Date: 2020
Created: Li, G. (4/20/2020)
Updated: Mariasingham, M. (5/17/2020)
Visits: 1,334
- Dynamic modeling
- Multilateral trade negotiations
- Other data bases and data issues
- Asia (East)
- Asia (Southeast)

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