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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #6906

"Integrating air passenger and air freight transport into a global CGE model to analyse European Union policies tackling greenhouse gas emissions from aviation"
by Norman-Lopez, Ana, Rafael Garaffa, Krzysztof Wojtowicz and Marie Tamba

As we leave the worst of the Covid-19 pandemic behind, the aviation industry retakes growth although the environmental impacts should be considered paramount in its evolution – the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has forecasted international emissions could triple by 2050 (ICAO, 2022). The European Union (EU) has called the aviation industry to reduce its growth in GHG emissions so that transport emissions can be reduced by 90% by 2050 (compared to 1990-levels). For the aviation sector the policy-package proposals mean: (1) the revision of the EU Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading System (EU ETS); (2) the ReFuelEU Aviation proposal; and (3) the revision of the Energy Taxation Directive introducing tax on fuel for business and leisure flights.

Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model-based studies often rely on the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) data base (Aguiar et al., 2019) to assess regional and global impacts from the transport sector (e.g., Robson et al., 2018), but there are few attempts in the literature of splitting the GTAP data into passenger and freight (e.g., Karkatsoulis et al., 2017). To our knowledge, Norman-López et al. (in press) was the first study to describe the methodology and data to split GTAP’s air sector into passenger and freight.

This study builds on Norman-López et al. (in press) to project a baseline in the JRC-GEM-E3 model, developing a counterfactual scenario that considers the most recent European Union (EU) proposal for policies tackling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the aviation industry. The analysis particularly benefits from splitting air passenger and air freight, as it allows considering different evolution paths and environmental impacts, stressing the individual importance of air freight, leisure and business passenger travel to consumers, government and firms.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2023 Conference Paper
Status: Not published
By/In: Presented during the 26th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis (Bordeaux, France)
Date: 2023
Created: Garaffa, R. (4/14/2023)
Updated: Garaffa, R. (4/14/2023)
Visits: 123
- Baseline development
- Environmental policies
- GTAP Data Base and extensions
- Transportation
- European Union

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