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GTAP Resource #2114

"A Gender-Aware Integrated Macro-Micro Model for Evaluating Impacts of Policies on Poverty Reduction in Africa: The Case of South Africa"
by Fofana, Ismael, John Cockburn, Bernard Decaluwe, Ramos Mabugu, Margaret Chitiga, Alfred Latigo and Omar Abdourahman

Most developing countries are pursuing a variety of macro policy reforms in pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and in the context of the IMFs Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility. Furthermore, they remain extremly vulnerable to macro shocks stemming from their dependency on primary commodity exports. These macro policies and shocks will have significant repercussions on the attainment of the MDGs, yet the standard economic toolbox is seriously lacking in tools to assess anything beyond their narrowest income and production impacts. We address this deficiency by integrating gender and household production into a macro-micro simulation model to analyse a variety of policy and shock scenarios. First, this allows us to analyse the distribution of the costs and benefits of macro shocks between women and men and to capture their impacts on household production and leisure, as women tend generally to be less educated, overworked, malnourished and more vulnerable to poverty than men. Second, gender differences and household production activities are likely to strongly condition the impacts of macro shocks on the rest of the economy – production, labour market, trade, etc. – and, consequently, on poverty itself, where gender equality is increasingly recognised as a prerequisite for poverty elimination. Third, as the standard representative household hypothesis fails to capture the substantial heterogeneity in income sources and consumption patterns among households within any given household category, the study integrates all the actual households from a nationally representative income and expenditure survey. This allows us to capture the interactions (direct and indirect) between individual households and the rest of the economy and to apply the full range of poverty and inequality indicators.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2006 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 9th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Date: 2006
Created: Fofana, I. (5/2/2006)
Updated: Fofana, I. (5/2/2006)
Visits: 3,649
No keywords have been specified.

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