Resource Center

Advanced Search
Technical Papers
Working Papers
Research Memoranda
GTAP-L Mailing List
CGE Books/Articles
Important References
Submit New Resource

GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #2378

"Impact of Biofuel Policies on World Agricultural and Food Markets"
by Banse, Martin, Andrzej Tabeau, Geert Woltjer and Hans van Meijl

World-wide production of biofuels is quickly growing. Apart from the EU and the US other countries like Canada, Brazil, Australia, India and China also implemented targets for biofuels volumes and market shares.

While in these countries and regions biofuel production is driven by policies such as tax exemptions, investment subsidies and obligatory blending of biofuels with fuels derived from mineral oil, biofuels production and consumption at global scale is increasing driven by high energy prices. This boost either due to ‘pure’ market forces and/or also ‘policy’ driven has significant impacts on agricultural markets, including an impact on trade in agricultural raw materials. Linkages between food and energy production include the competition for land, but also for other production inputs, and the effect of an increasing supply of by-products of biofuel production such as oil cake and gluten feed affecting animal production.

An extended version of the GTAP model explicitly depicts the use of cereals, vegetable oils and sugar-beet or –cane as inputs in the production of bioenergy in a multi-level structure in the petroleum activity. This extension enables to analyze the impact of targeted policies such as tax exemptions and obligatory blending for the petroleum sector for individual regions and countries. This paper will draw less attention on the presentation of the methodological aspects of modeling biofuels in GTAP but will focus more on the implications of growing biofuels markets. It will therefore contribute to the current discussion on growing competition between agricultural products used for food, feed and fuel purposes.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2007 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 10th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Purdue University, USA
Date: 2007
Created: Banse, M. (4/15/2007)
Updated: van Meijl, H. (10/19/2007)
Visits: 3,735
- Agricultural policies
- Economic growth
- Technological change
- Asia (East)
- Africa (North)
- European Union
- North America
- South America

If you have trouble accessing any of the attachments below due to disability, please contact the authors listed above.

Public Access
  File format GTAP Resource 2378  (143.8 KB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)

Restricted Access
No documents have been attached.

Special Instructions
For further information please contact Martin Banse (

Comments (0 posted)
You must log in before entering comments.

No comments have been posted.