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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #2816

"Measuring distortions to agricultural incentives, revisited"
by Anderson, Kym, Marianne Kurzweil, Will Martin, Damiano Sandri and Ernesto Valenzuela


Abstract
Notwithstanding the tariffication component of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture, import tariffs on farm products continue to provide an incomplete indication of the extent to which agricultural producer and consumer incentives are distorted in national markets. Especially in developing countries, non-agricultural policies indirectly impact agricultural and food markets. Empirical analysis aimed at monitoring distortions to agricultural incentives thus need to examine both agricultural and non-agricultural policy measures including import or export taxes, subsidies and quantitative restrictions, plus domestic taxes or subsidies on farm outputs or inputs and consumer subsidies for food staples. This paper addresses the practical methodological issues that need to be faced when attempting to undertake such a measurement task in developing countries. The approach is illustrated in two ways: by presenting estimates of nominal and relative rates of assistance to farmers in China for the period 1981 to 2005; and by summarizing estimates from an economy-wide computable general equilibrium model of the effects on agricultural versus non-agricultural markets of the project's measured distortions globally as of 2004.

Available at http://econ.worldbank.org


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
Status: Published
By/In: World Bank Policy Research working per no. WPS 4612. April
Date: 2008
Version: World Trade Review 7(3) forthcoming October 2008
Created: Valenzuela, E. (5/9/2008)
Updated: Valenzuela, E. (6/20/2008)
Visits: 1,427
- Preferential trading arrangements
- Calibration and parameter estimation
- The GTAP Data Base and extensions
- Asia (East)
- Asia (Southeast)
- Asia (South-Central)


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