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GTAP Resource #3277

"Why a Global Carbon Policy could have a dramatic impact on the pattern of worldwide livestock production"
by Avetisyan, Misak, Alla Golub, Thomas Hertel, Steven Rose and Benjamin Henderson


Abstract
The taxation of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) represents an efficient means of achieving climate change mitigation, and this is often the starting point in any discussion of long run global GHG reduction. However, the direct effects of such a tax, or equivalently, an emissions trading scheme, will vary across countries and sectors according to the emissions intensity of the sector. We report, for the first time, estimates of such livestock emissions intensities for all regions of the world and decompose the intensities to understand the sources of regional variation. Our findings indicate that most of the variation is due to differences in the value of output per animal in different regions, which in turn is due to regional differences in output per animal (yield) and dollar per unit output (price). Animals with relatively low annual output values tend to be characterized by higher economic emissions intensities. We find this to be the case in many developing countries. Livestock activity in these high emissions intensity regions are hit especially hard by an emissions tax, resulting in disproportionate reductions in output and consumption in many regions already suffering from malnutrition.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
Status: Published
By/In: Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy
Date: 2011
Version:
Created: Rose, S. (4/14/2010)
Updated: Avetisyan, M. (8/8/2013)
Visits: 1,146
- Climate change policy
- Climate impacts
- Agricultural policies


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