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GTAP Resource #3904

"WTO activities on NTMs: Evidence from Specific Trade Concerns in TBT and SPS"
by Piermartini, Roberta

The WTO has developed a new application that will allow users to access via one portal all trade policy information notified to the WTO by its members. Known as the Integrated Trade Intelligence Portal (I-TIP), the new application will encompass tariffs, non-tariff measures and related trade statistics.

In the context of this project, the WTO Secretariat has recently codified information relating to over 600 specific-trade concerns (STCs) over the period 1995-2011 at the HS-4 level. Each STC corresponds to a concern raised by one or more members in relation to a TBT or an SPS measure maintained by one or more of their trading partners. Specific trade concerns point at obstacles faced by exporters of the country that raises the concern in a given export market. Therefore, they are a source of potentially interesting information to estimate the effects of NTMs on trade.

A simple descriptive analysis of this new database shows an upward trend of STCs both for SPS and TBT measures, a larger incidence of these types of NTMs imposed by developed economies, especially concentrated on food products.

The newly built database on specific trade concerns has been used for a number of studies. One study uses specific trade concerns as an index of the degree of restrictiveness of product standards. In this study, we have estimated the impact of more restrictive product standards on the intensive and the extensive margin of trade. We find that more restrictive product standards reduce the number of exported varieties per firm, the value of exports per firm, the number of new exporting firms as well as the total number of exporting firms. In addition, more restrictive product standards increase the probability that only the larger and more productive firms enter a foreign market.

Another study uses the data on specific trade concerns as an indication of the TBT-sensitivity of a sector. This paper analyses the effect of harmonization and mutual recognition ...

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2012 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 15th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Geneva, Switzerland
Date: 2012
Created: Piermartini, R. (4/30/2012)
Updated: Piermartini, R. (4/30/2012)
Visits: 1,246
- Preferential trading arrangements

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