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GTAP Resource #4876

"Production Patterns of Multinational Enterprises: The Knowledge-Capital Model Revisited"
by Oyamada, Kazuhiko

To prepare an answer to the question of how a developing country can attract FDI, this paper explored the factors and policies that may help bring FDI into a developing country by utilizing an extended version of the knowledge-capital model. With a special focus on the effects of FTA/EPA between a market country and a developing country, simulations with the model revealed the following: (1) although FTA/EPA generally tends to increase FDI to a developing country, the possibility to improve welfare through increased demand for skilled and unskilled labor becomes lower as the size of the country grows; (2) a developing country may suffer severe welfare losses through FTA/EPA if the availability of skilled labor is extremely limited; (3) because the additional implementation of cost-saving policies to reduce the firm-type/trade-link specific fixed cost tends to depreciate the price of skilled labor by saving its input, a developing country can enhance welfare gains from FTA, and it is even possible to recover the welfare effects from negative to positive, by making the arrangement to be EPA.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2016 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 19th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Washington DC, USA
Date: 2016
Created: Oyamada, K. (3/14/2016)
Updated: Oyamada, K. (3/14/2016)
Visits: 1,126
- Foreign direct investment
- Not Applicable

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