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GTAP Resource #4915

"Achieving Sustainable Irrigation Water Withdrawals: Global Impacts on Food Production and Land Use"
by Liu, Jing, Thomas Hertel, Richard Lammers, Alexander Prusevich, Uris Lantz Baldos, Danielle Grogan and Steve Frolking

Human activities are increasingly leading to overuse of surface water and nonrenewable groundwater, challenging the capacity of water resources to ensure food security and continuous growth of the economy. Adaptation policies targeting specifically water security can easily overlook its interaction with other sustainability metrics and unanticipated local responses to the larger-scale policy interventions. Using a recently developed global partial equilibrium, grid-resolving model, nick-named SIMPLE-on-a-Grid and coupling it with the global Water Balance Model, we simulate the impacts of reducing unsustainable irrigation water withdrawals on land use change and food supply, under a variety of future (2050) scenarios with and without adaptations. Comparisons are made among three policy interventions: inter-basin water transfers, investments in agricultural productivity-enhancing technologies, and the promotion of virtual water trade. Although each of these scenarios affects regional food supply in a similar fashion, their implications for land cover change, carbon emissions and global food security are quite different. By allowing for a systematic comparison of these alternative adaptations to future scarcity, the global gridded modeling approach offers unique insights into the multiscale nature of the water scarcity challenge.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2016 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 19th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Washington DC, USA
Date: 2016
Created: Liu, J. (4/10/2016)
Updated: Liu, J. (6/21/2016)
Visits: 2,817
- Land use
- Water availability
- Not Applicable

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  File format GTAP Resource 4915  (725.6 KB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)
  File format GTAP Resource 4915 - PPT for 2016 GTAP meeting  (379.4 KB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)

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