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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #496

"Endogenous International Technology Spillovers and Biased Technical Change in Agriculture"
by van Meijl, Hans and Frank van Tongeren


Abstract
GTAP Application with Endogenous Technology Spillovers

This paper analyzes trade-related knowledge flows from the innovating country to other countries. It is assumed that knowledge is embodied in commodities traded between countries and that the potential productivity of this knowledge is determined by the local usability of foreign technologies. The usability of foreign knowledge is dependent on the local absorption capacity (e.g. knowledge infrastructure and human capital) and on structural differences (factor endowments, climate) between countries. In agriculture, a large part of the knowledge is embodied in inputs which cause factor biased technical change in the receiving sectors. Trade-related knowledge transmission is introduced in an applied multi-region general equilibrium model (GTAP) to study the macro-economic and sectoral impacts of knowledge spillovers and of trade policies. Endogenous embodied technology spillovers bear some important implications for trade policy, because protective measures preclude countries not only from cheaper imports but also from foreign technologies.

Key-words:biased technical change, knowledge spillovers, embodied, absorption


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
Status: Published
By/In: Economic Systems Research
Date: 1999
Version: Vol. 11, No. 1, pp 31-48
Created: (2/16/2001)
Updated: Dimaranan, B. (8/12/2003)
Visits: 1,579
- Agricultural policies
- Technological change


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