Resource Center

Advanced Search
Technical Papers
Working Papers
Research Memoranda
GTAP-L Mailing List
GTAP FAQs
CGE Books/Articles
Important References
Submit New Resource

GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #5327

"Higher CO2 concentrations impacts over global crop production and irrigation water requirements"
by Nechifor, Victor and Matthew Winning


Abstract
Increases in CO2 atmospheric concentrations are expected to lead to multiple and possibly opposing effects over crop performance. The paper uses a global economic model (RESCU-Water) to analyse the impacts of changes in climatic conditions and CO2 fertilisation on crop output and on the pressure over water resources coming from irrigation. RESCU-Water is built on a Computable General Equilibrium Framework and distinguishes between the rainfed and irrigated production of eight crop classes. Irrigation is introduced as a separate production factor using a novel valuation method. The yield and irrigation water intensity effects employed to map climate change incidence are derived from spatially-detailed crop modelling using multiple climate datasets. The impacts are analysed for the 2004-2050 timeframe and are measured as deviations from a perfect-mitigation SSP2 baseline. Changes in climatic conditions decrease output and depress the demand for irrigation, whilst discrepancies between tropical and temperate regions increase with concentration levels. Embedding CO2 fertilisation more than offsets these adverse effects by determining a net increase in crop production and a reduction in irrigation water requirements at a regional level. The resulting water savings potential even in the lower concentrations scenario (RCP2.6) warrant more research with the aim of reducing the uncertainty regarding the effects of CO2 fertilisation.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2017 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 20th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Date: 2017
Version:
Created: Nechifor, V. (4/15/2017)
Updated: Nechifor, V. (4/15/2017)
Visits: 1,590
- Dynamic modeling
- Climate impacts
- Water


Attachments
If you have trouble accessing any of the attachments below due to disability, please contact the authors listed above.


Public Access
  File format GTAP Resource 5327  (1.0 MB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)


Restricted Access
No documents have been attached.


Special Instructions
No instructions have been specified.


Comments (0 posted)
You must log in before entering comments.

No comments have been posted.