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GTAP Resource #5331

"ISSUES IN LAND USE CHANGE IN BRAZIL"
by Zanetti De Lima, Cicero and Angelo Gurgel


Abstract
Brazil is considered one of the major players in World agriculture. The Brazilian Agribusiness sector has grown in real terms around 2.1% per year between 1994-2015 and is responsible for 21.5% of Brazil’s GDP (CEPEA, 2016). The Agribusiness GDP was US$ 374 billion in 2015. The agro-processing industry accounts for 27% of it, the input and supply industry contributes with 12% inputs, service sectors 31%, and primary agriculture and livestock production with 30%.
The crop and vegetables production grew from 76.6 Mt to 209 Mt between 1998-2016. In the same period the planted area grew from 35 Mha to 58.4 Mha. The production growth rate has been 2.6 greater than the area expansion, representing a strong productivity gain.
In 2010 the Brazilian Government released the ABC Plan as part of the voluntary climate policy commitments set in the COP of Copenhagen, to be implemented until 2020. The ABC Plan targets strategic investments in sustainable technologies to recover 15 Mha of degraded pasture, increase the use of production systems combining crop, livestock and/or forestry production in the same area in 4 Mha, expand no-tillage use and foster other low carbon technologies. Besides the ABC Plan, the Brazilian NDC in the Paris Agreement targets the recovery of more 15Mha of degraded pasture and the expansion of combined crop-livestock-forestry system in more 5 Mha, from 2020 to 2030. It also sets the need for an increase of 12 Mha of forest for multiple uses in private areas.
The purpose of this research is threefold: (a) to determine the economic impacts from the implementation of the ABC Plan on the Brazilian economy in terms of sectoral GDP, exports, regional trade, and economic growth; (b) to determine the new pattern of land use and its competition due to recovered areas and implementation of new agriculture practices as crop-livestock-forestry system; (c) to estimate the contribution of such policies in terms of reducing GHG emissions in the AFOLU sector.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2017 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 20th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Date: 2017
Version: 1
Created: Zanetti De Lima, C. (4/15/2017)
Updated: Zanetti De Lima, C. (4/15/2017)
Visits: 314
- Climate change policy
- Climate impacts
- Land use
- Economic development
- Economic growth
- Technological change
- Agricultural policies
- Domestic policy analysis
- Other data bases and data issues
- South America


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